Only the name Corfu makes us think of summer, sun, swimming and holidays. This beautiful Greek island has long been a popular tourist destination and not least pilgrimage people from Germany, the UK and Scandinavia here. Also, some jetsetters and rich people have Corfu as their favorite destinations.
Historically, Corfu was the destination of the “fief”, including the royal and nobles. Now there are probably the most common people who dominate here, but if you go northeast in Corfu you will probably meet both Russian oligarchs and some members of the Rothschild family, a famous European family dynasty.
Corfu has a variety of swimming beaches of different character and atmosphere, so most people find their own favorite beach if they are looking for a bit. Good quality holiday hotels on the island are good. And the Greek charm, food and atmosphere are still present.
Add that Corfu is an island so rich in history and mythology, with its attractions and sights, that even beach lovers should take in a dose of culture.
In other words, most things are going to be great for a great holiday if you go to Corfu! You can discover the island on your own, or travel with a variety of package operators. The choice is yours!
Get to know Corfu
Corfu or Corfu, which is called Italian, English and a number of other languages, is the northernmost of the Ionian Islands belonging to Greece. Corfu is important in Greek history and has a central place in Greek mythology.
The sea god Poseidon, fell in love with the daughter of Asopus, the nymph Korkyra, also called Kerkyra. Poseidon took Kerkyra to an unnamed island and gave the island her name. As you now probably understand, the Greek name of Corfu is Κ?ρκυρα, or Kérkyra if you will.
With its location in the Ionian Sea, by taking the road northwest you will reach Italy, while a short sea road northeast leads you to Albania. Northeast of Corfu, Albania is at its closest, only 3 kilometers away. From the southeastern tip of Corfu, it is only a few kilometers to the mainland of Greece.
Corfu has just over 110,000 inhabitants and the most important city on the island is Corfu town (or Kerkyra) with its over 30,000 inhabitants. Corfu is not a big island, about 60 kilometers from top to bottom, and the island has the shape of a mirrored Norway. In the north, Corfu is about 30 kilometers wide, while in the south the island narrows and in some areas is no wider than 4 kilometers.
Corfu has a history full of war and power struggle. It’s no wonder considering the island’s location, between Greece and the west. Long before the birth of Christ, Corfu was a naval base for Athens, a participant in the Peloponnesian War and captured during a Persian invasion.
Pirates have also controlled Corfu, but the island was freed from the talk of the Romans, who then used Corfu as a port for their ships, before making the island a free state.
Venice also once controlled Corfu, and without this having any relation to the above, you can still take a ferry to and from Corfu and Venice. The Venetians fought several times with Turkey over Corfu, and Corfu and the Ionian Islands (with one exception) are among the few who were never conquered by the Turks.
- Abbreviation: GR
Corfu Town Old Town
Corfu Town’s old town is now UNESCO protected, and is very charming with its narrow streets that criss-cross a fort wall. The streets are called cantonia, some so narrow that modern vehicles cannot fit.
The town houses several beautiful buildings, including the town hall. The architecture of many of the old town houses comes from the Venetians, and the palaces have pillars with a style you probably know from Venice.
The fact that Corfu city is influenced by Italy is clear, and some claim that the city is a small version of Naples. As mentioned before, Corfu was never occupied by the Turks and the Ottoman Empire, and therefore appears different from several other islands of Greece.
The very heart of Corfu town is the Spianadatorget (1537), the place where you will find a huge lawn where cricket is played. This is one of the largest open spaces in a city center in Europe.
Most people love to sit in one of Liston Terrace’s cafés and enjoy the view and the people’s life. Here, there is close proximity to several of the city’s most prominent buildings, and it is also not far to the old fortress.
The towering old fortress is originally from the 500s and has on several occasions saved the city from the Turkish invaders. Interestingly, the creation of the large Spinade square is due to the fact that the residents had to clear space so that the Turkish attackers would not get unnoticed to the fortress.
Notice the military observation post at the top of the fortress. At the foot of the fortress you will find St. George’s Church with its six Doric columns.
The “new” fortress Neo Frourio is a collection of fortress buildings that dominate the city’s northeast. The area here includes the new harbor, and together with the fish market and walking paths for tourists and residents, this has become a popular part of the city.
Go exploring the area and look for the lion with wings, the symbol of Venice. You keep seeing it away.
List of Corfu Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations about Corfu is GR which stands for Corfu. In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Corfu, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.